BBC, February 12, 2019
Esther Kiobel is testifying in court in The Hague, demanding compensation from the Netherlands-based firm.
She is among four women who accuse Shell of being complicit in the hanging of their husbands by Nigeria's military in 1995. Shell denies the allegation.
The activists led mass protests against oil pollution in Nigeria's Ogoniland.
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The protests were seen as a major threat to then-military ruler Gen Sani Abacha, and Shell. They were led by author Ken Saro-Wiwa, who was among nine activists hanged by the military regime.
Their executions caused global outrage, and led to Nigeria's suspension from the Commonwealth for more than three years.
Two of the widows were in court, but two others were denied visas to attend.
What was the atmosphere in court?
More than two decades later, memories of the executions still move the widows to tears, reports the BBC's Anna Holligan from court.
Mrs Kiobel wiped her eyes, and in a quivering voice described her husband, Barinem Kiobel, as "kind-hearted", our reporter adds.
Representatives of Shell looked on. At one point, the phone of one them rang as the widows wiped their eyes, prompting judges to remind everyone to keep their devices on silent, our reporter says.
What else has Mrs Kiobel said?
In a written statement, she said she had lost a "wonderful husband" and a "best friend".
She added: "Shell came into my life to take the best crown l ever wore off my head. Shell came into my life to make me a poverty-stricken widow with all my businesses shut down. Shell came into my life to make me a refugee living in harsh conditions before l came to the United States through [a] refugee programme and now [I am a] citizen.
"The abuses my family and l went through are such an awful experience that has left us traumatised to date without help. We all have lived with so much pain and agony, but rather than giving up, the thought of how ruthlessly my husband was killed... has spurred me to remain resilient in my fight for justice. ...
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