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The Zapatistas came to prominence in the early 1990s for their opposition to the NAFTA Free Trade Agreement because of the negative impact it would have on Mexico's indigenous native population.


"Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), Spanish Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, guerrilla group in Mexico, founded in the late 20th century and named for the early 20th-century peasant revolutionary Emiliano Zapata. On Jan. 1, 1994, the Zapatistas staged a rebellion from their base in Chiapas, the southernmost Mexican state, to protest economic policies that they believed would negatively affect Mexico’s indigenous population. The insurgency later developed into a forceful political movement that advocated for Mexico’s disenfranchised Indians."